Enotes on Christian Religious Studies (CRS) JSS2 First Term – Edudelight.com
FIRST TERM SCHEME OF WORK C.R.S JSS 2
- The birth of Jesus Christ
- The Childhood of Jesus Christ
- Jesus Christ prepares for his earthly ministry
- The Baptism of Jesus Christ
- The temptation of Jesus Christ
- Call to Discipleship
- Jesus Christ welcome all people
- Jesus Christ and the rejected
- Jesus Christ and the sinners
TOPIC: ANGELIC ANNOUNCEMENT OF JESUS BIRTH
Math 1:20-33, Luke 2!1-10
Mary was a virgin – young woman living with her parent in Nazareth a small city in Galilee. She was living righteously and holy for the lord. And she was engaged to be married to Joseph who was from the lineage of David.
One day Mary was alone in her room and God sent Angel Gabriel to her to announce the birth of Jesus Christ which would take place through her
“And having come in the angel said to her rejoice highly favoured one, the lord is with you blessed are you among the women” Luke 1:28 – 31. But Mary did not understand the message of the Angel and she was worried. The angel told her not to worry because everything would come from the most high God. Mary asked the angel how it would be possible for her to give birth to a baby to be named Jesus when she was yet to marry to Joseph. The Angel said
“The holy sprint will come upon you and the power of the most high will over shadow you, therefore the child to be born will be called holy the son of God” Luke 1:35 she agreed with the angel and prayed that the word of God should come to manifestation.
The birth of Jesus Christ
When Mary was already in the eight Month of her Pregnancy Caesar Augusto’s made an order that there should be census in the whole of Roman Empire.
Everyone should go to his or her respecting home town to register therefore Joseph and Mary his wife left Nazareth and they travelled down to Bethlehem.
Nazareth is in the northern part while Bethlehem is in the Southern part of Palestine. By the time they got home, all the inns, brick houses, and motels had been occupied then the time came for Mary to give birth to her baby. Joseph quickly took her to the manger where the shepherd were feeding the animals. Mary gave birth to Jesus and wrapped him in the swaddling clothes and laid him in a manger that was how God came down to the world in form of human being for God to take the form of man and come to the world is known as incarnation. God had fulfilled his promise of sending savour into the world for the salvation of mankind.
The visit of the shepherd
The angel visited the shepherd in the wilderness in the night to announce the birth of Jesus the shepherds left their animals in the wilderness and went to Bethlehem to see things themselves. The angel told them about the birth of the new born baby Jesus in Bethlehem of Judea and where his parent were when that angel had finished his message. Many angels from heaven came to join him and they were rejoicing and praising God “ Glory to God in the highest and on earth peace among men with whom he is well pleased (Luke2:14) After the angel had departed they went to Bethlehem to see things themselves.
The visit of the three wise men
The wise men from the east came to Jerusalem. They visit Herod the great, the king of Jew’s and asked where the new baby was born. Herod did not know anything about the new baby he was hearing from the wise men for the first time. Then King Herod called the elders, rulers, Pharisees and scribes to the meeting and asked from them where Christ the new king was born the scribes searched the scripture and told him Christ was to be born in Bethlehem. In the land of Judah. The prophecy had been said concerning that by prophet Micah. After Herod had confirmed thoroughly that a new king had been born he sent the wise men away to go and look for the child and bring him the feed back (Math 2:8)
The three wise men went to Bethlehem by the baby’s star and they saw Mary and Joseph the earthly parents of Jesus and the new baby
In the night of the same day an Angel of the lord appeared to the wise men in a dream and told them not to return to Herod because he would come and terminate the life of the child so the wise men quietly went away to their own country through another way. The wise men offered gift of valuable materials (Gold, frankincense and myrrh).
After the wise men had gone the angel of the lord appeared to Joseph in the dream to take Mary and Jesus and flee to Egypt.
- Explain five moral lessons leant from the birth of Jesus
- What was the reaction of Joseph when he discovered that his wife Mary was already conceived which he know nothing about?
TOPIC: PRESENTATION OF JESUS IN THE TEMPLE
Jesus was born in Shepherd area and placed him in a manger his first contact is in a manger where animals are kept not in a beautiful, comfortable and clean environment because every inn had been occupied. The nice cot Jesus was put in is a manger.
When Jesus was eight days old, he was circumcised and given the name Jesus and after forty days when the days of Mary’s purification was complete he was taken to the temple as it is written in the law that every male child born is dedicated to God after forty days of birth.
In fulfilment of this Mary and Joseph brought baby Jesus to the temple and on that day there was a man named Simeon in the temple who was waiting for the coming of the messiah and the Holy Spirit had revealed to him that he would not die until he had seen the messiah, the Holy Spirit had instructed him to go to the temple and as he was there Joseph and Mary came to dedicate Jesus. he took Jesus in his arms and praising God he said “he has seen the saviour of the world and now he can die, he also said Jesus would be the light that will shine upon the nations and he would be the glory of the people of Israel. He told Mary the mother of Jesus that a sword would pierce her soul because the child would be rejected by by many in Israel and at the same time be the greatest joy of others, and Simeon blessed them and said to Mary, Behold this child is set for the fall and rising of many in Israel and for a sign that is spoken against”. Lk 2: 34
Jesus was carried away from Jerusalem to Egypt for safety until the death of Herod who wanted to kill him.
Jesus attended synagogue school and graduated at the age of twelve years. He qualified as “Son of the law”
Anna was a prophetess she was very old in age, she was eighty four years old, also a widow she lost her husband seven years after marriage. She also prophesied, she told the people in the temple that Jesus was the provision made for the redemption of Israel.
At the age of twelve years Jesus was found in the temple in the midst of scholars asking them question and giving them answer. The scribe’s teachers of the law were astonished at his knowledge and understanding.
Jesus made it clear to his earthly parents that they would always find him in the temple doing his father work (God).
Jesus patiently and obediently learned the work of carpentry from Joseph his earthly father. Jesus became a professional carpenter and he took over the work finally after Joseph death.
Jesus and his family: The birth and childhood of Jesus showed that he had earthly parents and they were called Joseph and Mary. He also had brothers and sisters. These are the name of his brothers James, Josses, Simeon and Judas.
Also the book of Mathew mentioned it that he had sisters as well even though the names of his sisters were not mentioned since Joseph was not the biological father of Jesus; the children of Joseph through Mary were half brothers and sisters of Jesus.
- How can you give convincing explanation that Jesus was a successful carpenter?
- What did the family of Jesus benefit from the profession of Jesus?
- Narrate the prophecy of Simeon and Anna.
John the fore runner of Jesus luke 1!5, 25,57-80
Who is a forerunner: A fore runner is someone who goes ahead of a person in preparation for his or her arrival. John the Baptist was Jesus fore runner.
John the Baptist was preaching in the wilderness around the Jordan calling people into baptism of repentance for the remission of sins
The main message of John the Baptist was people should repent from their sin for the kingdom of heaven is at hand. Many of the Jews went to hear his preaching. Many people turned from their sinful lives and come for baptism. John baptized them from river Jordan, many people came to John to be baptize e.g. the Pharisees, scribes, Sadducees and rulers
John adviced them to repent from there sins. Israelites were thinking that they would automatically enter the kingdom of God for they were the descendant of Abraham. Some people taught John the Baptist was the messiah, he told them he was not the Messiah. He said he only baptized them with water as a sign for their repentance, obedience and as well as readiness to live holy and Godly lives. He said a greater person than himself would come and baptize them with holy spirit and with fire.
- We are to preach the gospel
- We can preach the gospel through our actions
- We should accept Jesus as our personal lord and saviour before preaching the gospel
- God expect us to confess Jesus Christ and live the life so that what we say to people about Jesus Christ will be seen in our lives
The baptism of Jesus Christ (Mathew 3:13-17, Mark 1:9-12, Luke 3:21-22).
Jesus was living in Nazareth with his earthly family even after the death of Joseph when he was thirty years of age he heard about a man called John the Baptist. This man was preaching the Baptist of repentance for the forgiveness of sins in the wilderness.
John the Baptist was baptizing people in the river Jordan. The Holy Spirit directed Jesus to go to John the Baptist to be baptized by him. Jesus then got to where John was Baptizing he recognized Jesus as the messiah and the saviour John the Baptist refuse to Baptist Jesus because he could not see any reason to do so when Jesus committed and had no sin to confess and again John confessed that it is Jesus who suppose to Baptist him and not him baptizing Jesus.
But Jesus told him to do so for now Jesus knows that he came to fulfil the law therefore he should follow the law.
“But Jesus answered and said to him permit it to be so now, for this is fitting for us to fulfil all righteousness” (Mathew 3:15). Jesus was finally Baptist by John the Baptist as Jesus was coming out of the water, immediately, the heaven opened and he saw the spirit of God descending upon him as a dove. And a voice came from heaven telling the world that Jesus was the pleased son of God
“and suddenly a voice came from heaven saying this is my beloved son, in whom I am well pleased (Mathew 3:17).
The significant of the baptism of Jesus
John the Baptist was aware that Jesus had no sin but Jesus told him to go ahead Jesus did that for the following reasons
- Jesus identifying himself with the sinners
- Jesus confirmed the necessity of water baptism
- It was an avenue when God confirmed his son ship and messiah ship
- The place where the holy spirit rested upon him to give him power to start his life ministry
Significant of baptism to Christ
- Baptism is a sacrament of Christ and through it Christians are admitted into Christian community
- Baptism makes Christian full members of their Christian community
- In some denominations people are not yet considered as full member until they have done water baptism
- Baptism encourages Christian to leave old lives because they have confessed Jesus publicly
- It encourages people to delicate their lives for serving Jesus only.
- Baptism always reminds Christians that they are dead to sin and should live for Christ
- You can receive the holy spirit through water baptism
- Jesus was busy preparing for his earthly ministry and allow john the Baptist to baptize him God gave him the power to carry out the work through the holy spirit it is very important to prepare ahead for any heavenly given assignment
- The people of Israel came out to john the Baptist confessing their sin and be baptized by him he did not isolate himself from the people. Jesus shows the example of human humbleness.
- Baptism and confirmation helps us t know our new responsibilities we must live the life that will promote the gospel because we have become full Christians into the communities
- Who is a fore runner?
- What was John’s message to the people?
- Where did John Baptist the people?
- Why did Jesus allow John the Baptist to baptize him?
The temptation of Jesus Christ (Mathew 4:1-11, Luke 4:1-13)
After Jesus has been baptized by John the Baptist He was led to the wilderness to pray and he fasted for forty days and forty nights. And after that he become hungry and wanted something to eat. The devil wanted to use that period of his hunger as the best opportunity to tempt him
In the first temptation Satan came near Jesus and said, if you are the son of God, command these stones to become bread Jesus answered and said it is written man shall not live by bread alone but by every word that proceeds from the mouth of God. Mathew 4:3-4 Jesus defeated Satan in his first temptation by making use of the word of God. He quoted from the book of Deuteronomy 8:3.
After Satan had failed in the first temptation, he took Jesus to the holy city of Jerusalem and set him on the pinnacle of the temple and then said to him. If you are the son of God throw yourself for it is written, “He will give his angel charge of you and on their hands they will bear you up lest you strike your foot against a stone” Jesus said to him it is written you shall not tempt the lord your God. (Mathew 4:6-7) Jesus again used the word of God to defeat him (tempter) Jesus was quoting from the book of Deuteronomy 6:16 the devil was quoting from the book of (psalm 91:1-12).
After the devil had lost the second temptation he proceeded to the third one. The devil took Jesus to the high mountain and showed him all the kingdom of this word and its glory and he quietly said to him all these I will give you, if you will fall down and worship me. Then Jesus said to him, be gone Satan! For it is written “you shall worship the lord your God and him only shall you serve” (Mathew 4:9-10) that was how Jesus defeated the devil again by quoting from the book of exodus 34:14
And immediately Satan left and run away then angels from heaven came down and ministered to him
Jesus allowed himself to be tempted by the devil so that we cautioned that temptation in the life of Christians is normal. And it is not a sin only yielding to it become sin.
Jesus did not allow the devil to overcome him, but Satan was defeated by the power of the Holy Ghost. As Christian students we must live holy life and ask God to give us the Holy Spirit to overcome.
- Narrate the biblical account of the temptation of Jesus.
- Mention some people in the Old Testament who fell into temptation at least 5people.
- Where was Jesus tempted?
CALL TO DISCIPLESHIP
Who is a Disciple?
A disciple is a learner, or pupil who learns from the master. The word disciple can be used for all who believe and follow the teachings of a religious leader.
Jesus discovered that it was necessary for him to have disciples who would learn from him and then go round the world to teach others about Jesus and his work of salvation if not, the Gospel message would have stopped after the death of Jesus Christ
Jesus started to call the disciples
The first four he called were peter Andrew James and john. “ now Jesus walking by this sea of Galilee he sees two brothers Simon called peter and Andrew his brother casting a net into the sea for they were fishermen and I will make you fishers of men (Mathew 4:18-22).
After Jesus had called the four he saw Mathew who was a tax collector sitting in his office doing his normal work of collecting taxes from people Jesus called him and he left his office and followed him (mark 2:4-15)
That was how the disciples of Jesus Christ decided to be following him they voluntarily surrender their professions and followed him they realized that what they would gain from Jesus they would not gain it anywhere both physically and spiritually. At the end, Jesus had many disciples following him.
One day, Jesus left the disciples and went out alone to pray he came back from praying and selected the twelve people out of many and named them apostles and they become his disciples. They were:
- James (the son of Alpheus)
- Simon (the zealot)
- Judas Iscariot (Luke 6:12-13)
The twelve disciples were the foundation of the new Christian community and that was exactly what Jesus had come to establish. The new community is the church of Christ redeemed by his blood.
The demand of discipleship (Mathew 8:18-27, Luke 9:53-63, Luke 14:25-33)
What people expected Jesus to say what that if any man should come to him and be his disciple he would have wealth and honour abundantly but he told them the contrary Jesus told them that if anyone would be his disciple he must love his family less than Christ. When our duty to our parents comes in competition with our duty to the master we must give our lord Jesus Christ the preference. Every man loves his own family, no one ever hates his life, cannot be Christ disciples if we cannot love him better than our lives. Our lives can rather be embittered by cruel bondage and taken away by cruel deaths than to dishonour Jesus Christ or depart from any of his truths and ways
- We must rebound to his call to be his disciples faithfully and willingly not only to serve him but with honesty, faithfulness and sincerity
- Jesus did not rush in selecting the twelve disciples. He separated himself and prayed all night telling God’s guardians is very necessary in anything we want to do our success in everything we want to do depend on how we can rely on God’s guardian
- Immediately they decided to follow Jesus, they forgot about their past ways of life their allegiance changed to that of Christ. If we are not ready to leave our old ways of life such as cheating laziness keeping bad friends etc. we cannot be a disciple of our lord Jesus Christ.
- Who is a disciple?
- Write out the names of the disciples of Jesus and their professions
- Why do you think discipleship is necessary?
Jesus Christ meets sinners
Jesus Christ and the elite Nicodemus (john 3:1-17)
Jesus came into the world to save as many as come to him. He does not discriminate against any person. Being the people in the high class or low class He makes himself available for every category of people in the world during his earth ministry. He walked freely with all people.
The man Nicodemus
Nicodemus was a Pharisee a learned person. A ruler of the Jews He was a member of the highest ruling council known as Sanhedrin. Also he was a very religions man.
Nicodemus heard about the wonderful work of Jesus Christ. He did not want to go to Jesus during the day. He decided to go to him by night. Jesus was very happy when He saw Nicodemus.
Jesus was highly impressed about Nicodemus because He knew that he wanted to know more about Salvation.
“Nicodemus said unto Him, how can a man be born again when he is old? Can he enter a second time into his mother’s womb and be born”? John 3:4
Nicodemus was not clear about the explanation of Jesus concerning salvation and Jesus replied him and gave him full explanation.
Jesus answered, most assuredly I say unto you, unless one is born of water and spirit he cannot enter the kingdom of God. That which is born of the flesh is flesh and that which is born of the spirit is spirit John 3:5-6.
Two things must happen before someone can enter into the kingdom of God. Firstly we must be Baptist with water to wash away our sins. And during this time, we confess our sins forsaking them and accept Jesus as our Lord and personal saviour. Then all the sins are forgiven.
We have to receive the Holy Spirit. It gives us power to run our Christian race successfully.
Jesus told Nicodemus, he was the provision of God for salvation who ever looks upon Jesus will have salvation and inherit the kingdom of God.
- Jesus took the people of high and low classes and mixed with them freely.
- Baptism of water after confession of sins washes our sins away. And the Holy Spirit gives us power to run our Christian race successfully.
Nicodemus wanted to know about salvation he went to Jesus personally. Jesus opened Nicodemus Spiritual eyes to see the things of the Spirit. No one comes in contact with Jesus and be the same. Always go to Jesus privately and each time will go to him he will surely bless us.
1. Narrate the biblical story of Jesus meeting Nicodemus
2. Mention two things must happen before someone can enter into the kingdom of God.
THE BEATITUDES (MATT 5:1-12)
MEANING OF BEATITUDE: Beatitude simply means blessedness.
Jesus Christ gave he beatitude on the mount. Jesus Christ seeing the multitudes he went up into a mountain, and when he was set, his disciples came to him and he opened his mouth and taught them saying:
- Blessed are the poor in spirit for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.
- Blessed are those who mourn for they shall be comforted.
- Blessed are the meek for they shall inherit the earth.
- Blessed are they which do hunger for righteous, for they shall be filled.
- Blessed are the merciful for they shall obtain mercy.
- Blessed are the pure in heart for they shall see God.
- Blessed are the peacemakers for they shall be called the sons of God.
- Blessed are those who are persecuted for righteousness sake
- What is beatitude?
- List the beatitude and rewards.
CHRISTIANS AS SALT AND LIGHT OF THE WORLD
What is light? Light is anything that gives illumination. Light brightens up a dark place.
As Christians in the world our light should not go deam but should shine wherever we find ourselves so that others through our light can also come to God. Just as light attracts, our lives as Christians should attract people to us and not to repel them.
Characteristics of light:
- Light gives direction.
- Light brightens a dark place.
- Light gives illumination.
- Light speeds up activities
What is salt? Salt is a flavour that adds value or taste to our food.
As Christians our lives should positively influence people around us. We are to add value wherever we find ourselves and make positive and life transforming contributions to matters. Christians are to show good examples in this evil and wicked world.
- Define Christian as light and salt of the world.
- Explain light and salt.
- Mention three characteristics of light.
WORLDLY POSSESSIONS (MATT 16: 26; LK 16:11)
Meaning of worldly possession: Worldly possessions are earthly things that have no eternal value.
Worldly possessions are not eternal things because they have no eternal value. They are of this world and would end here, therefore we should not allow them to rule us.
Jesus Christ himself through John warned against the love of worldly things, he said “ love not the world neither the things that are in the world, if any man loves the world, then the love of God is not in him”
Worldly possessions should be held with loosed hands because they will only end here on earth. Regardless of what a man ahs, when he dies, he does not go to eternity with any, they are all left behind. “what shall it profit a man if he shall gain the whole world and loose his soul” Matt 16:26.
Worldly possessions are not to be held in high esteem above God and our souls, they should be held with loose hands.
Jesus Christ also emphasized that there is no profitability in possessing earthly things at the expense of the soul.
Examples of worldly possessions are money, houses, titles, positions, fashion, education, fame etc
- Explain worldly possession.
- What should be the attitude of Christians to worldly possession?
- List about 10 worldly things you know.
Week 10: Revision
Week 11: Examination