Second Term Christian Religious Studies (CRS) SS2 Lesson Notes – Edudelight.com
Scheme of work SS2 C R S 2nd Term
Week 1. Sovereignty of God
Week 2. First creation story/second creation story
Week 3. God the controller of the universe
Week 4. Leadership-Joseph as a leader
Week 5. Leadership- Moses as a leader
Week 6. Leadership- Joshua as leader
Week 7. Leadership- Deborah as a leader
Week 8. God’s care for his people
Week 9. God’s care for his people
Week 10. God’s care for hid people
CHRISTIAN RELIGIOUS STUDIES SS 2
THE FIRST CREATION STORY (Genesis 1:2:1-3)
Before God began to create, the entire world was void but, there was body of water over which the spirit of God was moving. Then God spoke and creation began. The first thing that was created was light. Then God separated the light from the darkness and called it Day and named the darkness Night. On the second day, the firmament i.e. heavens were created by God and God saw that it was good. On the third day, God created land, seas and vegetation which is the earth.
On the fourth day, the heavenly bodies, that is , the sun, moon and stars were created the birds and sea animals and God equally saw that they were good. On the sixth day of creation, God created the land, animals, that is , the creeping things, beasts, cattle and man.
None of the things created by God was in the image of God except man. God created man in His own image and likeness. He blessed them and commanded them to be fruitful and multiply. He also gave man dominion over everything He has created. He said: “Have dominion over the fish of the sea. Over the birds of the air and over everything that moves upon the Earth.
Then after the creation, God rested on the seventh day.
THE SECOND CREATION STORY (Genesis 2:4:-25)
The second creation story started that the world was not void before God created it. The land was already in existence but it was barren and a waste. There was nothing like plants of the field yet on earth. According to this story, man was the first thing that God created. When God observed that there was nobody around to cultivate the land, He then created man from the dust of the earth and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life.
After the creation of man, the next thing was the planting of the garden of Eden and vegetative plants. After these, God caused a river to flow out of Eden to water it. The river was parted into four different rivers which were pishon, Gihon, Tigris and Euphrates.
The assignment God gave to man was to till the garden and keep it. God’s plan was for man to continue His creative work. God then command man to eat of the fruits of every tree in the garden except the tree of the knowledge of good and evil. After this, God created the out of the ground. They were to keep company with Adam who lonely. God asked Adam to name the animals HE created. After the naming of the animals by Adams, God saw that Adam himself needed a helper fit for him and God caused a deep sleep to fall on him and Adam said: “This at last is bone of my bones and flesh of my flesh; she shall be called woman because she was taken out of man”. The two were joined together as husband and wife and both of them were naked without being ashamed.
THE SIGNIFICANCE OF THE CREATION STORIES
In the creation stories, God is seen as an all powerful being who by His power created the entire world and everything that is in it.
In the creation, man was special to God because He created him in His own image after His likeness. Man was also ordained by God to take care of other thing that He created.
GOD AS THE CONTROLLER OF THE UNIVERSE (1:26:-31, Amos 9:5-7)
We have learnt in the previous study that God created the world by His power and that everything that God created was good and perfect.
Everything that God created was according to order, He also put man in-charge of His creation. This shows God is the controller of the world He had created. God said: “Let us make man in our image after our likeness”, for God to given dominion to man over nature also shows that God was in control of the world. The dominion that was given to man by God covers the fish of the sea, the birds of the air and all the rest of the animals. Plants were given to man for food.
Even though God gave man a measure of control over created things. God is still the ultimate controller of all things He created. God’s dominion covers everything that He created.
THE SIGNIFICANCE OF GOD AS THE CONTROLLER OF THE UNIVERSE
- The world did not just appear on its own, God planned for it and created it.
- God controls the entire world and everything in it. We should therefore see Him as the ultimate controller of the entire universe.
- God put man in charge of the His creation. He made him His representative on earth.
THE APOSTLES’ CREED
The Apostles’ creed is not found in the Bible. The Apostles’ creed was not written by the Apostles. Rather, it was written at least 150 years after the Apostles and had all died, it is called the Apostle’ creed because it is supposed to be a record of what the Apostles taught. The Apostles’ creed is as follows:
I believe in God, the father Almighty,
The Creator of heaven and earth,
And in Jesus Christ, His only Son our lord:
Who was conceived of the Holy spirit,
Born of the virgin Mary,
Suffered under Pontius pilate,
Was crucified, died, and was buried
He descended into hell.
The third day he arose again from the dead,
He ascended into heaven
And sits at the right hand of God, the father Almighty,
Whence He shall come to judge the living and the dead.
I believe in the Holy Spirit, the holy Catholic Church,
The communion of Saints, the forgiveness of sins,
The resurrection of the body,
And in life everlasting.
JOSEPH’S EARLY LIFE AND ARRIVAL IN EGYPT
Joseph was ordained by God to be a leader. He dreamt twice about it but his brothers who were jealous of him sold him into slavery in the land of Egypt. It was there in Egypt that he rose to become to the governor. Joseph was a God-fearing man who also demonstrated leadership qualities of discipline, hardwork, accountability and responsibility. He was a man of tender heart who reconciled with his brothers despite what they did to him when they came to Egypt to buy food during the time of famine
JOSEPH AS THE GOVERNOR OF EGYPT (Genesis 41:10-57)
Two years after Joseph had interpreted dreams in prison, Pharaoh himself had two dreams in his first dream, seven lean cows ate up seven fat cows. In his second dream, seven ears of grain ate up seven plump ears of grains. Pharaoh called all the magicians and wise men in Egypt, but none of them could interpret the dreams. The butler then remembered Joseph who had interpreted his dream in prison. Joseph was taken out of prison to interpret the dreams. He interpreted that the seven fat cows and the seven plump grains represented seven years of plenty while the seven lean cows and the seven thin grains represented seven years of famine.
After the interpretation was done, Joseph recommended to Pharaoh that he should appoint a wise and discreet person to be govern in charge and store enough grains during the seven years of plenty which could be made use of during the seven years of famine. Then Pharaoh appointed Joseph as governor of Egypt because Pharaoh could sense that the spirit of God was in him. Joseph rose from slavery to the position of high authority and influence in Egypt. Joseph was thirty years old when he became the governor of Egypt. Joseph started work immediately he was appointed. He was in his office directing affairs. After his appointment, the travelled throughout the land of Egypt.
When directing seven years of famine began, people went to Pharaoh for food, But he directed them to Joseph.
Joseph wisely sold the food to the people so that everyone could have enough during the seven years period of famine. People from other countries also came to Joseph to buy food.
JOSEPH RECONCILES WITH HIS BROTHERS (Genesis 45:1-15)
Joseph did not reveal himself to his brothers when they came for the first time to Egypt to buy food instead he said they were spies and threatened to put them in prison.
The second time Joseph asked all the officers and workers in his house to go out: when he was left alone, he wept loud and then forgave and reconciled with his brothers. After he had wept, he said to his brother: “I am Joseph, is my father still alive?”
His brothers were shocked and surprised by what had happened. They were speechless, because they fell guilty. They did not expect that Joseph could become a governor in Egypt. They thought he would punish them for what they did to him in the past.
Joseph could read their mind and then asked them to draw closer to him and said to them again:
“I am your brother Joseph whom you sold into Egypt”. He told them not to be distressed for what they did to him was in accordance with the plan of God so that their lives could be preserved. He said they should return and bring their father to Egypt because the famine remained five years.
He also told them to bring the entire family with their property so as to dwell in Egypt for the period of famine. Joseph’s family settled in Goshen where they multiplied and prospered greatly.
THE CHILDHOOD AND FLIGHT OF MOSES (Exodus 1 and 2)
Moses was born at a critical period in the history of Hebrew during the period when the Israelites were being oppressed by the new Egyptian government who did not know Joseph. The new Pharaoh was hostile to Israelites as well as with other foreigners living in Egypt. As at that time, the Israelites had become a strong minority and Pharaoh was afraid thinking that the Israelites would support their enemies against them In time of war. To overpower the Israelites, the Egyptian made them their slaves. They were made to engage in building projects. They built store cities in Pithom and Ramses. They were used to do all menial work in Egypt. They were given an assignment of making bricks without given them straws. Whenever they failed to make the required number of the brick for the day, they were punished. The more they were being oppressed, the stronger and plenteous they became. Then the Egyptians were afraid of them because they kept on increasing in population.
Then Pharaoh ordered the Hebrew midwives named Shiphrah and Puah to kill all the male children given birth to by Hebrew women at birth. But the midwives could not do it because they feared God. When the king got to know, he asked them the reason why they spare the male children and the midwives replied that the Hebrew women unlike the Egypt women were more vigorous and give bith before the arrival of the midwives.
God dealt well with them and gave them families of their own because they refused to kill. Pharaoh then gave an order that every male child born by the Hebrews should be thrown into the River Nile but the female children should be spared. Moses was born during this time. Moses parents were Levites. His mother refused to thrown him into the River Nile, she hid him instead for three month, but she realized she could not hide him any longer and she made a basket of bulrushes, put the baby inside it and placed it among she reeds at the riverbank in the place where Pharaoh’s daughter always took her bath. Pharaoh’s daughter saw the baby in the basket and compassion to him, she asked that the baby be brought to her. Moses sister who was around living in wait to see what would happened, come out and asked to be allowed to find a Hebrew woman to nurse the child for Pharaoh’s daughter. The girl went and call the mother of Moses. The mother nursed him for Pharaoh’s daughter. Pharaoh daughter named the child Moses saying, “Because she drew him out of the water”.
Moses was raised In the place of Pharaoh, but he knew his own people. He knew the hardship they were going through. One day, she saw an Egyptian beating an Hebrew and he killed Egyptian and buried him in the sand. The following day, he also saw two Hebrews fighting and wanted to settle the dispute between them; but the guilty one referred to the case of the Egyptian that Moses killed the previous day. Moses became afraid and realized that his action had been known. He feared that Pharaoh might kill him if he got to known about it and he fled to the land of Midian.
When he got to Midian, he rested by a well, he defended Reuels’ (jethro) seven daughters from shepherds who drove the girls away the well. This made their father (Jethro) to invite Moses. Moses was contented to live with them and married one of the daughters called Zipporah. Moses had a son with Zipporah who they named Gershom. He named his GErshom to remind him of his stay in a strange land. Moses helped his father in-law to keep his flock.
THE CALL OF MOSES (Exodus 3:6-28-30)
Moses was assisting Jethro, his father in-law who was the priest of Midian to tend his flock. One day, he tended the flock to the west part of the wilderness until he got to Horeb, which was called “The Mountain of God”. Then the angel of God appeared to him in a flame of fire in the midst of a bush. As Moses looked up, he discovered that the bush was burning without being consumed. Moses moved closer to see the strange sight. God then called him and when he answered, he was warned not to come nearer and was also instructed to remove his sandals because the place where he stood was regarded as a holy ground. God then told him that he was the God of his father Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. He therefore hid his face. God then said to him that he has the affliction of His people in the land of Egypt and that their cry had come to him and He had come to deliver them and bring them out of the land of Egypt to a good land, which is flowing with milk and honey. God was referring to the land of Canaan. God then called Moses and asked him to deliver the Hebrew from Egyptian slavery. He said.
“Come, I will send you to Pharaoh that you man bring forth my people, the sons of Israel, out of Egypt”.
Moses replied and said:
“who am I to go to Pharaoh, and bring the sons of Israel out of Egypt?”
Then God promised to be with him. He then gave Moses to signify His call to liberate the Hebrews. The sign was to bring the Hebrews to worship God on Mount Horeb after their deliverance.
Moses then asked God for His name in order to make it know to the Hebrew in case they doubt his calling. God said His name was: ”I Am who I am.”
God told Moses to tell the Hebrews that He had sent him to deliver them from oppression by the Egyptian. He also told Moses to identify Him as the God of their fathers: Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. God said, after Moses had delivered His message to the Hebrew, the elders of the Hebrews should go to Pharaoh and ask him for a three days permission to go on a journey and sacrifice to their God. He said that Pharaoh would reject their request. God said on the eve of the exodus from Egypt, the Hebrews were to ask their Egyptian neighbors thing such as jewel, gold, silver and clothing. Then Moses said to God that the Hebrews could not believe him nor hearken to him. God then decided to perform a miracles to convince them. The first miracle was to turn Moses’ rod into a snake ; if they are not convinced by this, Moses should collect some of the water of the Nile and God promised to turn it into blood on dry ground.
Moses also complained to God that he was a stammerer, and could not speak clearly. God promised to take care of that by being with his mouth and teaching him what to say. But Moses still did not want to g. then he asked God to send another person. God said his brother Aaron would go with him and be his spokesman. God then reminded Moses to take care the rod with him which he would use to perform miracles in Egypt.
When Moses came back, h e told Jethro of his desire to visit his people in Egypt and Jethro agreed. Moses left for Egypt together with his family in obedience to God’s call.s
MOSES’ CONFRONTATION WITH PHARAOH (Exodus 5:1-5, 5:22-23)
Moses and his brother Aaron came to the land of Egypt to confront Pharaoh. They ask him to allow the Israelites to go into the wilderness to sacrifice to their God. But Pharaoh did not grant their request. All the efforts put in place by Moses and Aaron to free the Israelites did not work. Then God performed the miracles of the ten plagues. This made the Egyptians to send the Israelites out of their land.
MOSES LED HIS PEOPLE OUT OF EGYPT (Exodus 14:1-31)
When Pharaoh discovered that the Hebrews had gone, he regretted given them permission to go. He quickly organized his troop and chase the Israelites. The Israelites were over taken by the Egyptian army when they encamped at Pihahiroth. When the Israelites saw the Egyptian army coming behind them, they cried to God. They were so frighten to the extent of accusing Moses of bringing them: “fear not, stand firm, and see the salvation of the lord which he will work for you today; for the Egyptian whom you see today, you shall never see again. The lord would fight for you, and you have only to be still”.
Moses then cried to God and He told him to lift up his rod and stretch his hand over the red sea to divide it in order for the people of Israel to cross the sea on dry ground. Then the angel of God who went before them relocated and went behind them. The pillar of cloud which was leading them also changed position and move behind them. As a result, the Egyptians did not know what was happening ahead of them.
After this, Moses, stretched out his hand towards the sea as God commanded and God droved back the waters by an eastern wind. The Israelites crossed the sea on dry ground. When the Egyptians army saw the Israelites passing through the sea, they also rushed into the sea. When the Israelites had crosses the Red sea, and the Egyptian were still at the middle of the sea, Moses waved his hand again towards the sea according to the commandment of the God and the water fell upon them with force. The Egyptian army perished in the Red sea. The Egyptian dead body were seen the following morning on the shores. Thus, prevailed over Pharaoh.
JOSHUA IS CHOSEN TO LEAD ISRAEL
Joshua took over the mantle of the mantle of leadership of the Israelites from Moses . he was chosen by God as a replacement to Moses because he was a man who had faith and courage in God. As a leader, he led the people faithfully in obedience and trust. He was a kind of leader that sought and followed good advice.
JOSHUA SUCCEEDS MOSES (Numbers 13:16-14:10)
When Moses grew too old, he requested that God to appoint a successor in his place to lead His people, (the Israelites). Moses was instructed by God to ordain Joshua, the son of Nun, a man who had the Holy Spirit in him. Moses laid his hand upon Joshua and ordained him before the people. Joshua was chosen as a successor to Moses because God had earlier said that Moses would not get to the promise land. This was because Moses had earlier disobeyed God at the water of Meribah (Exodus 17:1-7).
THE FALL OF JERICHO (Joshua 6)
Under the supervision of Joshua, the children of Israel surrounded Jericho so that none of it inhabitants could go out or come into the city. God had already assured Joshua of Victory and had already given Joshua the plan to conquer the city. God commanded that the priests should carry the Ark of covenant and seven priests should carry seven trumpets made of ram’s horns. Armed men should lead the processions, the priests with the trumpets, should follow and then the priest with the Ark should follow respectively. The rest of the people were of the people were ordered to form a rear guard. The people were instructed not utter a word or shout until they were ordered to do so. They were commanded to march round the city of Jericho once everyday, for six days. On the seventh day, they were ordered to march round the city seven times and shout to the city.
THE FALL OF JERICHO
Early the next morning, the procession marched round the city once as they were instructed. They matched round the city once for six days and after each round they retreated. On the seventh days, the people marched round the city seven times then Joshua ordered them to shout for God and given them the city. The Israelites were commanded to destroy everything in the city except Rahab the harlot and her family. All the precious things found there should be set aside for God’s treasury. According to the instruction given, the people shouted and the trumpeters blew their horns and the walls of Jericho fell. The people entered the city and destroyed it. They only spared the harlot (Rahab) and her family.
JOSHUA’S FAREWELL ADDRESS (Joshua 24:1-34)
Joshua gathered all the tribes of Israel at Shechem, he gathered the elders, the heads, judges and the officers of Israel before God. Then Joshua delivered his farewell speech to the congregation. In his address, Joshua outlined the history of Israel right from Abraham to Moses. According to him, the forefathers of the Israelites lived in Mesopotamia where they served gods. He narrated how God called Abraham to the land of Canaan and made his offspring many. Abraham gave birth to Isaac and Isaac gave birth to Jacob and Esau. Esau settled in hill country of seir, but Jacob and his descendant went to Egypt. God delivered the Israelites from slavery in Egypt through Moses and Aaron, and saved them at the Red sea by destroying the Egyptian Army. God also delivered them from the Amorites, Perozzites, the Canaanites, the Hittites, the Girgashites and the Jebusites. God also provided for them a good land which they did not labor for.
Joshua then called on the children of Israel to fear God and serve him sincerely and faithfully. He urged them to put away the gods which their ancestors worshipped in Mespotamia and serve the lord. He then ask them to choose between God and other gods. He told them he and his household would serve the lord.
The people of Israel assured him that they would also serve the lord. Joshua reminded them concerning their pledge telling them that God was a jealous God who could punish them whenever they defaulted. They said that they themselves were witnesses to their pledge. Joshua again admonished them to be faithful to God. Then Joshua wrote down the laws of God. By so doing, he renewed the covenant. He then set up a stone to be a witness against the people in case they break their vow to God by deserting Him.
DEBORAH AS A LEADER
Deborah the prophetess was a wonderful and outstanding female leader in Israel. She was rightly described as the “Mother of Israel” in order to recognize the outstanding leadership role that she played in Israel. Apart from being a prophetess, she was also the wife of Lapidoth. She was a judge and the military heroine. She always sat under the palm of Deborah in Ephraim. Her faith in God was unshakable. She was a woman of courage whom people like Barak looked up to. Like Deborah, we have the history of women in West Africa who also made significant contributions towards the development of their countries. In Nigeria we have Madam Tinubu of Lagos, Mrs Funmilayo Ramsone Kuti of Abeokuta, MagaretEkpo of Calabar and Queen Amina of Zaria. Madam Yaa Asantlewa was also famous in Ghana, while Mammey Yoko was outstanding in Sierra Leone.
What Deborah achieved in Israel should encourage our women to be focused and make similar contributions in their various countries.